TIM Tubes™ were developed with the support of the LD AHP team at Anglian Community Enterprise CIC and Health Enterprise East Ltd the NHS Innovation hub for the East of England.


1. British Dietetic Assoc. & Royal College of Speech & Language Therapists. National descriptors for fluid texture.

2. Training support staff to modify fluids to appropriate safe consistencies for adults with intellectual disabilities and

dysphagia: an efficacy study. Chadwick DD, Stubbs J, Fovargue S, Anderson D, Stacey G, Tye S.

3. Variability of starch-based thickened drinks for patients with dysphagia in the hospital. J Texture Stud. 2011.

4. Dysphagia in the elderly: management and nutritional considerations: Clinical Interventions in Ageing 2012.